What is massage?

Massage has been made with instinctive movements as a type of stimulation to press and massage when the limbs, waist, and neck are numb and sore. Originally, massages are to prevent diseases or improve health by causing epidemiological stimulation of the opponent's skin in a certain way and by causing a biological reaction by the operator's hand. Massage is a bare-handed stimulation therapy from adaptation to nature that promotes blood circulation and lymphatic fluid circulation of the skin and muscles, and promotes contraction to promote exercise. Massage promotes blood circulation of the skin or muscles, improves blood circulation throughout the body, improves blood vessel elasticity, and relieves the resistance of peripheral blood vessels to ease the burden on the heart. In addition, it relieves various stresses in daily life such as work and family life, is effective in treating pain caused by various joint diseases, strengthening immunity, and has recently helped prevent various diseases such as swine flu, bird flu, and SARS and improve natural healing. It also has excellent effects on neck, lumbar disc, stroke prevention and treatment due to poor posture, chronic fatigue caused by stress, frozen shoulders, blood circulation disorders, high and low blood pressure management, and postpartum care.

As mentioned above, massage is a kind of manual procedure that uses hands to directly stimulate the skin in a certain way, causing a biological reaction, correcting body modulation, treating diseases, and improving health.

1. The etymology of massages.

The etymology of Massage is that scholars' views and arguments from various countries originate from "masin" in Greek, "mas" in Arabic, "masa" in Arabic, "manus" in Latin, and "mawwb" in ancient Jewish. The term massage currently used refers to manual therapy such as acupressure and massage performed to improve treatment area and exercise performance, which is derived from the French masseur.

2. Definition of massage.

The definition of massage is described in many forms depending on the scholar, but Avicen, an 11th-century Arab philosopher and doctor, told his European and American doctors in 1884 that "the purpose of massage is to relieve unnecessary elements of muscle decline, which can be solved by exercise." It was 청주건마 said to be used in various ways in tissues, and Gertrude Beard (1887-1971) defined massage as "a term used to indicate any manipulation of soft tissue in the body" in 1952. Albert Hoffa (1859-1907), a German surgeon, limited massages by hand in a book called "Technque Massage," but made them wider in terms of use. He applied it as "a hand-to-hand process that can cure diseases." J. Azabludowski (1851-1906) of Germany explained that "the systematic application of mastered massage to the body."

3. Physiological effects and effects of massages.

1- Physiological effects and effects on the skin.

- Stimulates the skin's sensory receptors and reflexively diffuses blood vessels on the skin's surface to send subcutaneous vein blood to the heart and promote blood flow, increasing blood volume and promoting metabolism.

- Improving the breathing of the skin, strengthening elasticity, strengthening lymphatic activity, improving metabolism, and smoothing the skin.

2- Physiological effects and effects on muscles.

- Promote the flow of blood or lympha in the muscles to eliminate waste or harmful substances, and send fresh blood to promote metabolism of oxygen or nutrients, thereby improving contraction and persistence.

- Relieving tension, increasing supply of blood and nutrition, improving the range of motion of joints, controlling contraction and relaxation functions, and improving motor ability by releasing waste substances in muscles, and helping harmonious development.

3- Physiological effects and effects on nerves.

- Light stimuli evoke nerve excitement, and strong stimuli suppress nerves. By reflexively giving excitement or sedation, it is possible to activate nerves and balance each tissue of the body, and for muscles, it is possible to improve the ability of the whole body to exercise in the activation of the nerve conduction path.

- Excitement and sedation, reflection and induction correction, pain relief, promotion of blood supply to nerve tissue, and increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system.

4- Physiological effects and effects on joints.

- It improves blood circulation in the joint, promotes metabolism in the joint, and urges the secretion of joint fluid to smooth the lubricating membrane, increasing the flexibility of joint movement.

- Improving nutrition, preventing injury, improving range of operation, promoting blood circulation.

5- Physiological effects and effects on blood

- It acts reflectively on the blood vessels, and immediately after the massage, the internal pressure of the blood vessels is released, and blood pressure temporarily rises. Subsequently, blood vessel internal pressure goes down and blood vessels expand to promote arterial blood flow, resulting in local congestion, promoting the overall circulation function (circulation function, disability recovery theory).

- Improving lymphatic function, increasing blood cells such as red blood cells and white blood cells, removing edema and activating blood vessels, and increasing blood oxygen capacity.